Early versions of almost all the chorale preludes are thought to date back to —, during the period — when Bach served as court organist and Konzertmeister director of music in Weimar , at the court of Wilhelm Ernst, Duke of Saxe-Weimar. As his son Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach mentions in his obituary or nekrolog : "His grace's delight in his playing fired him to attempt everything possible in the art of how to treat the organ. Here he also wrote most of his organ works.
It is probable that the longer chorale preludes composed then served some ceremonial function during the services in the court chapel, such as accompanying communion. The manuscript is made up of three parts: the six trio sonatas for organ BWV — — ; the Canonic Variations on "Vom Himmel hoch da komm' ich her" BWV added at the same time as the chorale preludes — ; and an early version of Nun komm' der heiden Heiland — , appended after Bach's death.
The first thirteen chorale preludes BWV — were added by Bach himself between and , supplemented by BWV and in —7. In when Bach began to suffer from blindness before his death in July, BWV and were dictated to his student and son-in-law Johann Christoph Altnikol and copied posthumously into the manuscript.
Only the first page of the last choral prelude BWV , the so-called "deathbed chorale", has survived, recorded by an unknown copyist. There have been various accounts of the circumstances surrounding the composition of this chorale. Books Leaver, Robin A. Luther's Liturgical Music: Principles and Implications. Fortress Press. Marti, Andreas Hahn, Gerhard ed. Liederkunde zum Evangelischen Gesangbuch in German. Bach Cantatas Website. Retrieved 13 December Bach Digital.
FAZ in German. Max-Reger-Institute in German. Retrieved 30 March Nu kom der Heyden heyland. Plate B. XXV 2. Plate D. This file is part of the Sibley Mirroring Project. Orgelwerke, Band 2 pp. Plate BA All prefaces and editor's commentary have been removed.
Editor Alessandro Bigazzi. The melody of line 1 is first presented in the continuo, then sung by all four voices one after another, accompanied by a solemn dotted rhythm in the orchestra. Line 2 is sung by all voices together, accompanied by the orchestra. The recitative for tenor, " Der Heiland ist gekommen " The Saviour has come ,  begins secco but continues as an arioso , with tenor and continuo imitating one another.
The tenor aria, " Komm, Jesu, komm zu deiner Kirche " Come, Jesus, come to Your Church ,  is accompanied by the violins and violas in unison. It is written in the rhythm of a gigue , and the combination of voice, unison strings and continuo gives it the texture of a trio sonata. The knocking on the door is expressed by pizzicato chords in the strings.
In the closing chorale, " Amen, amen! Come, you fair crown of joy ,  Bach sets the Abgesang only of the final stanza of Nicolai's hymn. The musicologist Julian Mincham offers the thought: "Conceivably the most convincing explanation lies, as it so often does, within the text— The hymn tune itself, through its very abbreviation implies a sense of urgency and the feeling of being unable to defer any longer.
The listing is taken from the selection on the Bach Cantatas Website. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland disambiguation.
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Duration 18 minutes Composer Time Period Comp. Sacred cantatas ; Cantatas ; Religious works ; For 3 voices, mixed chorus, orchestra ; For voices and chorus with orchestra ; Scores featuring the voice ; Scores featuring the soprano voice ; Scores featuring the tenor voice ; Scores featuring the bass voice ; Scores featuring mixed chorus ; Scores featuring the orchestra ; German language ; For 2 violins, 2 violas, cello arr ; For 5 players ; Scores featuring the violin ; Scores featuring the viola ; Scores featuring the cello ; For 2 violins, viola, 2 cellos arr ; For violin, 3 violas, cello arr ; For violin, 2 violas, 2 cellos arr ; For violin, viola, cello arr ; For 3 players ; For violin, 2 cellos arr ; For 2 violas, cello arr ; For viola, 2 cellos arr ; For violin, cello arr ; For 2 players ; For viola, cello arr ; For trumpet, organ arr ; Scores featuring the trumpet ; Scores featuring the organ ; For organ arr ; For 1 player.
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